There are so many hidden dangers in the family? Check the list of children's safe families!
A mother friend told me a few days ago that the child is almost two years old now, and he was rummaging around at home all day and messing up the house. Not to mention, she even started the idea of a natural gas stove. She was so scared that she hurriedly grabbed the child. Drive. Later, the baby put the rubber band in his mouth and chewed again, for fear that she swallowed it...
This friend is usually a calm sister, but she can't calm down at all when she is with the child. I told her that the child began to explore the world as soon as he was born. At first, he used his mouth to bite things and bite things. Later, he learned how to play around with his hands. This is the natural way of learning for little babies. Whether the child will be smart in the future. The key to this is all here. So don't stop children from exploring, don't give up eating because of choking.
"Then let the child be in danger?" The mother asked me questioningly.
of course not! Not only can't put the child in danger, but also predict the danger that the child may encounter in advance, and then teach the child to identify these hidden safety hazards.
"How to identify it?"
I told her that I will compile a family baby safety guide.
"How to teach?"
Of course, you can’t hold your child’s ears to tell TA about the dangers, but “let the child experience the reduced danger”! This is a bit like vaccinating children, one of which is called "live attenuated vaccines." The virus in it has undergone special treatment to weaken its toxicity. Inoculated into the body, it will not cause disease, but it can trigger the body's immune response, stimulate the body to produce specific memory cells, and play a role in obtaining long-term or lifelong protection. For example, if you want your child to understand the dangers of a natural gas stove, you can take the child to the stove, turn on the stove, and let the child look at the flame. The adult can feel the heat without burning the child’s hand on top of the flame. At the same time, tell the child: "Fire, hot!" In this way, the concept of hot fire will penetrate into the heart of the child. Other similar dangers can be taught to children in this way.
"Some dangers are difficult to reduce to the range that does not constitute harm, such as electricity. What should I do?" The mother kissed very carefully.
Indeed, the danger of electricity, the danger of falling from a height... these are not good for children to experience directly. Fortunately, children's feelings can be transferred. For example, you can take your child to the power socket, point to the power socket and tell him: "There is electricity, it is hot!" For a child who has mastered the concept of "hot", he can immediately be "powered" in his head The feeling of being linked to the previous feeling of being "hot" left a deep memory. The danger of falling from a height can also be related to the feeling of falling while walking...
Of course, after teaching children to recognize dangers, it is better to take some preventive measures against these dangers. For example, a pack of anti-collision protection strips are used for the corners and walls of the table. The following article not only points out the hidden safety hazards in every corner of the home, but also tells us the protective measures we should take, which is worthy of collection.
Please check the home settings to eliminate hidden dangers to family safety
1. There are protective measures at the sharp corners of furniture such as tables, coffee tables, etc.
2. There are protective measures for heating equipment such as heaters and electric heaters
3. There are emergency telephones (119 fire alarm, 110 alarm, 120 emergency) on the side of the telephone
4. The power socket that children can touch with a protective cover
5. Keep hot water bottles, thermos bottles or drinking fountains out of the reach of children
6. The window sill that children can climb on should be fenced
7. Children's locks should be added to cabinets and drawers
1. The railing of the balcony is high enough for children to climb
2. There are protective measures at the sharp corners of furniture such as tables and cabinets
3. There are no tables, stools and other furniture for children to climb by the window. Low window sills should have protective fences
4. Heating equipment such as heaters and electric heaters are equipped with protective equipment.
5. There should be protective fences by the windows, children cannot climb
6. There are protective measures at the sharp corners of furniture such as tables and cabinets
7. Babies should sleep in a separate sleeping basket when sleeping with their parents
8. Stoves, heaters, electric heaters and other heating equipment have protective devices
9. The power socket that children can touch with a protective cover
10. Keep hot water bottles, thermos bottles or drinking fountains out of children's reach
11. Pay attention to ventilation in the house, and install air ducts in rooms with heating stoves.
1. The bed where the child sleeps has a guardrail, and the latch is installed in a place where the child cannot reach
2. Place soft protective materials such as carpets on the floor around the children's bed
3. There are no tables, stools and other furniture for children to climb by the windows. The low window sill should have a protective fence.
4. Stoves, heaters, electric heaters and other heating equipment have protective devices
5. Children can touch the power socket plus a protective cover
6. Sundries should be placed in a cupboard with doors and child locks should be added.
1. Guardrails are installed at the kitchen door to prevent children from entering freely
2. Place the pot handle toward the inner side of the stove
3. Unplug the microwave oven and other electrical appliances when not in use.
4. Close the cabinet and add a child lock
5. Keep hot water bottles, thermos bottles or drinking fountains out of the reach of children
6. Gas should be equipped with a gas switch protective cover (Taobao can sell it, not expensive!)
7. Knives and other sharp tools are placed in a cabinet with doors
8. Close the refrigerator and add a child lock.
1. Don't spread tablecloths on dining tables and coffee tables, and add protective measures at sharp corners
2. Keep snacks such as peanuts, melon seeds and other nuts out of the reach of children
3. Keep hot water pots, rice cookers, etc. out of children's reach
4. Children can touch the power socket plus a protective cover
5. Cabinet with child lock
1. Install handrails in the bathtub or shower room, and put on non-slip mats
2. Unplug the hair dryer when not in use
3. Do not store water in bathtubs, buckets, water tanks, etc., if you store water, add a cover
4. Cover the toilet when not in use
5. Keep the razor out of the reach of children, and wrap the blade when discarding
6. Unplug the washing machine when not in use
7. Children can touch the power socket with protective cover
8. Put the toilet cleaner in the original container and keep it out of the reach of children
First aid tips
If you cannot get medical attention immediately, take the following first aid measures to prevent the situation from getting worse
First aid for burns
1. If children’s clothing catches fire, immediately wrap the child with a blanket or other clothing or let the child roll on the ground so that the flame can be extinguished.
2. Immediately use a lot of cold water to cool down the burned area. If the burn area is large, the burned part should be immersed in clean cold water immediately. The soaking time in cold water should generally last for more than half an hour.
3. Wrap a bandage on the burned area but not too tight to keep the wound clean and dry. If the burn is large or starts to blisters, the child should be taken to the hospital. Don't break the blisters, this will protect the burned area.
4. Do not tear off the adhesions on the wound, and do not cover the wound with anything other than cold water.
5. Give the injured children hydrates, drink some juice or water with a small amount of sugar and salt.
First aid for falls, traffic accidents
1. Injuries to the head and spine (especially neck injuries) are very dangerous because they can cause lifelong paralysis and even death. After the injury, do not move the head and back and avoid twisting the spine, which can prevent more serious injuries.
2. Fractures may make children unable to move or feel severe pain. Do not touch the injured part, support the injured part in a balanced manner, and seek medical attention in time.
3. When a child has a severe bruise, the injured part should be immersed in cold water or iced for about 15 minutes. Do not let the ice cube directly touch the skin when applying cold compresses. Put a cloth between the ice cube and the skin. If necessary, apply it again after 15 minutes. Applying cold water or ice cubes can relieve pain, clear silt and reduce swelling.
first aid for poisoning
1. If a child swallows a toxic substance, do not induce vomiting to the child, because this will make the child feel very uncomfortable.
2. If children's skin or clothing is stained with toxic substances, they should immediately take off the contaminated clothing, and wash the skin repeatedly with soap and plenty of water.
3. If toxic substances enter children’s eyes, rinse the eyes with clean water for at least 10 minutes.
4. Immediately send the child to the hospital. It is best to carry samples of poisonous substances and containers with you. Try to keep the mood of the poisoned child calm.
First aid for sharp instrument injuries
The method of dealing with minor knife cuts:
1. Wash the wound thoroughly with water and soap.
2. Keep the skin around the wound dry.
3. Cover the wound with clean gauze, and then bandage it.
Methods of dealing with severe knife cuts:
1. The piercing object (such as glass, etc.) should not be pulled out immediately, so as to avoid excessive blood loss and more serious injuries.
2. If the child has severe bleeding, the injured part should be raised higher than the heart, and a clean cloth should be used to stop the bleeding (if there is a foreign body in the wound, press around the wound).
3. Do not apply other animal or vegetable oils to the wound to avoid infection.
4. Bandage the wound, but not too tight, because the wound will be a little swollen.
5. Immediately send the child to the hospital. If necessary, inject the wound vaccine under the guidance of medical staff.
First aid for drowning
1. If the head and neck are injured, do not move the child's head and perform the following operations.
2. If the child has difficulty breathing or does not breathe, let the child lie down on his back with his head slightly tilted back. Pinch the child’s nostrils and give artificial respiration. The intensity of the blowing should be large enough to raise the child’s chest. Continue artificial respiration until the child begins to breathe.
3. If the child is unconscious but breathing normally, the child should be placed on his side to keep breathing smooth.
suffocation first aid
1. If the child is coughing, do not disturb him. Because coughing is using abdominal and chest pressure to cough up foreign bodies. If the foreign body is not coughed up, try to expel the foreign body from the child's mouth.
2. If the foreign body is still stuck in the child’s throat, the following measures should be taken:
Infants and toddlers: Immediately grasp the legs and lift the child upside down, with the head hanging down, and pat a few times between the shoulder blades on the back. Then let the child lie down on his back, slap between the breastbone 5 times, repeat several times, until the foreign body is spit out. If the foreign body cannot be removed, the child should be taken to the hospital immediately.
Older children: stand behind the child, hug the child with two arms, make a fist with one hand, place the thumb inward between the child’s umbilicus and the xiphoid process, press the fist with the other palm, and exert rhythmic force Push upwards and inwards to force foreign objects to be discharged with the airflow. If the foreign body cannot be removed, the child should be taken to the hospital immediately.
First aid for electric shock
1. If a child is electrocuted and burned, cut off the power before picking up the child. If he is unconscious, keep him warm and seek medical attention in time.
2. If the child has difficulty breathing or has stopped breathing, he should lay the child on his back, tilt his head back as far as possible, and immediately perform mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration, pinch his nostrils, and inhale forcefully at the child’s mouth. In order to expand the child's chest. After taking a breath, relax your nostrils and let them "exhale". In this way, breathe in regularly until the breathing is restored.
First aid for animal injuries
1. If the wound is small, rinse the wound thoroughly with tap water at the fastest speed, and squeeze the surrounding soft tissues, try to rinse the blood and dog saliva contaminated on the wound thoroughly. After rinsing, wipe and disinfect with alcohol or iodine repeatedly, remember not to bandage! Within 24 hours of the bite, go to the nearest medical and health institution to inject the rabies vaccine.
2. For severe bites, if there is too much bleeding from the wound, try to stop the bleeding immediately, and then send to the hospital for treatment.